Impacts of peatland restoration on the identity and distribution of soil microbial communities in vegetation mosaics

Diversity and functioning of soil microbial drivers in peatland ecosystems remain poorly investigated. We report on culture-dependent and -independent characterisation of soil bacterial and fungal communities and primary geospatial relationships identified in bare peat and vegetation mosaics that have resulted from active restoration of degraded peatland in the southern Pennines.

Long-term partial nitrification in an intermittently aerated sequencing batch reactor (SBR) treating ammonium-rich wastewater under controlled oxygen-limited conditions

Highlights Development of a novel technology for partial nitrification at ambient temperature. First time to use online NH4-–N measurement as a control parameter for bioreactors. RT-PCR analysis shows the population size of AOB was up to 10% of total bacteria. Intermittent aeration and oxygen-limited conditions sustained partial nitrification. The bioreactor …

Dynamic changes in microbial community structure and function in phenol-degrading microcosms inoculated with cells from a contaminated aquifer

Contamination of aquifers by organic pollutants threatens groundwater supplies and the environment. In situ biodegradation of organic pollutants by microbial communities is important for the remediation of contaminated sites, but our understanding of the relationship between microbial development and pollutant biodegradation is poor. A particular challenge is understanding the in …